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Census Records

The Basics of Using Federal Census Records
by George G. Morgan

Census records are among the most frequently used materials of genealogists and family historians. The United States government has conducted population enumerations every ten years since 1790, and these records provide milestones for us by helping us physically locate our ancestors in those years.

From the Census Index to the Census Image
by Michael John Neill

While the image discussions concentrate on the images at, users of library microfilm will also find much of the discussion relevant as the census images were created from the microfilm that genealogists have used at libraries for decades.

See also: GenDirectory: Census and Live Roots Genealogy Search